Classification of American upland cotton

by D. E. Earle

Publisher: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Washington, D.C

Written in English
Cover of: Classification of American upland cotton | D. E. Earle
Published: Pages: 28 Downloads: 763
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Subjects:

  • Cotton -- Grading

Edition Notes

StatementD.E. Earle and Fred Taylor.
SeriesFarmers" bulletin / United States Department of Agriculture -- no. 802., Farmers" bulletin (United States. Dept. of Agriculture) -- no. 802.
ContributionsTaylor, Fred.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsS21 .A6 no. 802
The Physical Object
Pagination28 p. :
Number of Pages28
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17442887M
LC Control Number17000827
OCLC/WorldCa8061961

Classification of Extraneous Matter is made by the manual cotton classer. Outside of USDA cotton classification, color and leaf grade are often determined by manual classer. The cotton standards and other materials used for classing cotton are listed below: (1) Color Grade of American Upland Cotton - Color Grade describes the color of cotton lint. Amended Official Cotton Standards of the United States for the Grade of American Upland Cotton (Universal Standards), Effective August 1, United States. Agricultural Marketing Service. upland cotton This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted plant may be known by one or more common names in . PREMIUMS AND DISCOUNTS FOR GRADE, STAPLE LENGTH, AND LEAF CONTENT OF CROP AMERICAN UPLAND COTTON 1/ Loan Rates (points per lb.) Staple 3/ SM & better. Page 3. Extraneous Matter Level 1. Level 2 Tex-NM-Oklahoma-KS Bark Prep. All Locations points. Other 1/

(a) Effective J , standards for the lengths of staple of American upland cotton shall be measurements as determined by the Suter-Webb Duplex Cotton Fiber Sorter in accordance with the test method prescribed in paragraph (c) of this section. Ranges for each official staple length are shown in the table below. Staple standards exceeding 1 1/4 inches, in graduations of thirty-second. Cotton is a descriptive term for several plants in the genus Gossypium in the Malvaceae family. While there are about 4 main cultivated species, Upland Cotton constitutes 90 percent of worldwide production. As it turns out Upland Cotton is native to the Americas. The first discovered cultivar of this species was in Mexico about 5, years ago. Grade and staple length of American upland cotton ginned, by States, crop of Grade and staple length of American-Egyptian cotton ginned, crops of & are based on the classification, according to the official standards, of samples furnished by ginners throughout the cotton-producing areas. The Bureau of Agricultural Economics & The Bureau of Home Economics in Cooperation with Clemson Agricultural College, "A Study of the Raw Cotton and the Yarn and Sheeting Manufactured From Three Grades of American Upland Cotton," Technical Bulletins , United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

The Cotton Board is the oversight and administrative arm of the Cotton Research and Promotion Program. The Cotton Board is based in Memphis, Tennessee, and represents American upland is the commodity checkoff organization for the American cotton industry. The board administers Cotton Incorporated, its research and marketing entity, which is responsible for the . For the purposes of The Act, the classification of any cotton shall be determined by the quality of a sample in accordance with Universal Cotton Standards (the official cotton standards of the United States) for the color grade and the leaf grade of American upland cotton, the length of staple, and fiber property measurements such as micronaire.. High Volume Instruments will determine all. 1. Introduction. Among the four cultivated species (two diploids, Gossypium herbaceum and Gossypium arboreum, and two allotetraploids, Gossypium hirsutum and Gossypium barbadense) of cotton, upland cotton (G. hirsutum, 2n = 4x = 52, genome size ≈ Gb) is widely cultivated in the world and accounts for ∼95% of worldwide cotton production. 1 However, the narrow genetic background of upland. Fasciclin-like arabinogalactan (FLA) protein is a cell-wall-associated protein playing crucial roles in regulating plant growth and development, and it was characterized in different plants including Upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.).In cDNA-AFLP analysis of 25 DPA (days post anthesis) fiber mRNA, two FLA gene-related transcripts exhibit differential expression between Sea Island cotton (G.

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Classification Of American Upland Cotton Paperback – April 1, by D. Earle (Author), Fred Taylor (Author) See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Paperback "Please retry" $ $ — Paperback $Author: D.

Earle, Fred Taylor. Varieties of American Upland Cotton (Classic Reprint) Paperback – December 4, The large number of named varieties and the uncertainty as to the classification of many of them, as well as the misleading statements sometimes published concerning the commercial varieties, make it necessary to describe and classify them as accurately as Cited by: 2.

Appendix C: HVI Color Grades for American Upland Cotton Chart Appendix D: HVI Color Grades for American Pima Cotton Chart Updated J 2. The classification system for Upland and Pima American cotton consists of classer identification of extraneous matter (if any) and instrument measurements for color grade, File Size: 1MB.

of grade standards: Universal Upland Grade Standards and American Pima Grade Standards. USDA’s American Upland cotton standards are referred to as “Universal” standards because they have been adopted by a special governing body and are recognized and used internationally.

USDA has twenty-five official color grades for American Upland cotton. Classification of Upland Cotton A.

Instrument Determinations This group is known in the United States as American Upland cotton, and varies in length from about 7/8 to 15/16 inches. A second botanical group (G.

barbadense), which makes up the balance of U.S. production, is of early File Size: 2MB. Classification of American Pima Cotton 16 V.

Reliability of Classification Data 17 VL Quality Control 17 Process Control 17 is known in the United States as American Upland cotton, and varies in length from about 7/8 to 1 5/16 inches. A second botanical group (G. bar. The codes that identify American Upland color grades and American Pima grades are as follows: I Upland Color Grade and HVI Color Co 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81 many years in cotton classification.

Micronaire and maturity are highly correlated within a variety. STRENGTH (ColumnsDecimal in Column 39). Practical forms of the Universal Upland Cotton Grade Standards are for manual classification of American Upland cotton.

There are fifteen (15) physical grade standards representing the predominant range of color and seven (7) physical grade standards representing the official leaf grades for American Upland cotton.

ble by telecommunications and contains classification data for the current and past year's crop. Access to the classification data is limited to the cur- rent owner of the cotton.

III. Classification of Upland Cotton A. Instrument Determinations Measurements for the following quahty factors are performed by high- volume, precision instruments.

Classification procedures for American Pima cotton are similar, including the use of high volume instrument measurements. The most significant distinction is the difference in color charts. Different grade standards are used because American Pima cotton is naturally a deeper yellow than American Upland cotton.

Classification procedures for American Pima cotton are similar to those for American Upland cotton, including the use of HVI measurements. Quality and Reliability of Classification Data The reproducibility of cotton classing results from one USDA facility to another is the measure used to determine the reliability of the data produced.

The success of this separation for American Upland cotton prompted the representatives of the American Pima industry to request this change in the standards for American Pima. The USDA's ability to provide useful and cost-effective cotton classification, standardization, and market news services will be enhanced by this change.

There are 25 official color grades for American Upland cotton, plus five categories of below grade color, as shown in the tabulation below. USDA maintains physical standards for 15 of the color grades. The others are descriptive standards. Color Grades of Upland Cotton. Effective Light Yellow.

An illustration of an open book. Books. An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video. An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio. An illustration of a " floppy disk. Software. An illustration of two photographs. Full text of "Varieties of American upland cotton".

Visual methods are based on the Universal Standards for Grades of American Upland Cotton which are produced and provided by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

These standards are presented in the form of 15 different grade boxes, each of which contain six samples (known as “biscuits”) that represent the acceptable colour and amount of leaf or trash for the box’s assigned. The most typical range of +b in upland cotton is from 6 to There are 25 official color grades for American upland cotton (plus five categories of below grade color) and, traditionally, cotton classers determined the color grade of cotton by comparing a sample to physical color standards.

HVI Trash. Mexico, Central America, South America (northern, eastern Brazil). Cultivated as the principal source of cotton fibre throughout most of the tropics.

Introduced in eastern Europe, Western Asia, Central Asia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, China, Indochina, tropical Africa, southern USA, Caribbean, South America (Brazil) WSSA list of weeds in North America. A three-digit color code is determined by locating the point at which the Rd and +b values intersect on the color chart for American Upland cotton.

The color of cotton fibers can be affected by rainfall, freezes, insects, fungi, and staining through contact with soil, grass, or cotton-plant leaf. The success of this separation for American Upland cotton prompted the representatives of the American Pima industry to request this change in the standards for American Pima.

The USDA's ability to provide useful and cost-effective cotton classification, standardization, and market news services would be enhanced by this proposed change.

Is the cotton upland cotton and is a USDA Limited Global Upland Cotton Quota in effect. Go to question 2(a). Go to question 3. a) Is it claimed by importer, certified, and within the 90 day time limit detailed in chapter 99 subchapter III.

a) Go to question 2(b). a) Go to question 3. b) Is quota open. b) Enter under paired with. Staple length of American upland cotton ginned, by States, crops o. Average staple length of American upland cotton ginned, by States and districts thereof, crops of samples, their classification according to official cotton standards,3 and of.

–Cotton changes color over time, the color accuracy of the cottons in grade standards diminishes with age –Inevitable loss of integrity with repeated use •USDA, AMS, Cotton Division produces Universal Upland and ~ Pima boxes each year in to supply the demands of the domestic and international cotton industry.

Sec. Classification of cotton; determination. For the purposes of the Act, the classification of any cotton shall be determined by the quality of a sample in accordance with Official Cotton Standards of the United States for the color grade and the leaf grade of American upland cotton, the length of.

Gossypium hirsutum, also known as upland cotton or Mexican cotton, is the most widely planted species of cotton in the world.

Globally, about 90% of all cotton production is of cultivars derived from this species. In the United States, the world's largest exporter of cotton, it constitutes approximately 95% of all cotton production.

It is native to Mexico, the West Indies, northern South. Cotton color is an important measurement in judging fiber’s spinning quality in the current cotton classing system. This chapter first briefly reviews the history and major factors of cotton color grading, and then discusses the instrumental methods, including HVI colorimeter and color imaging system, that has been developed for objective and reliable grading of cotton color.

success of this separation for American Upland cotton prompted the representatives of the American Pima industry to request this change in the standards for American Pima.

The USDA's ability to provide useful and cost-effective cotton classification, standardization, and market news services would be enhanced by this proposed change.

American Upland: Known for its shorter-length staple fibers and is the most commonly used cotton found in sheets. American Upland cotton has a rougher feel to it, and it is the least expensive of the other cotton.

When a label reads, " percent cotton," it most likely made with American Upland. Pima: Known for strength and durability. It is a. Oprah’s Book Club Heritability and Selection Response in Segregating Generations of Upland Cotton (Report) Pakistan Journal of Agricultural ResearchJ 23, The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress.

This includes data values and the controlled vocabularies that house them. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. grades of American Upland cotton on page 11 was constructed to match the Universal color grade standards for American Upland cotton.

Each color grade is subdivided to denote differences within a color grade. This information is reported as a two-digit Color Grade and a single-digit color quadr ant.

This three-digit number is derived by locating on. Bangladesh has a glorious tradition in cotton and textile production. Cotton Development Board (CDB) was established under the Ministry of Agriculture in to promote cotton production in the country.

CDB started functioning in and started growing American Upland Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) on experimental basis. There are 2 (two) types of cotton are producing in Bangladesh named.Cotton production is an important economic factor in the United States as the country leads, worldwide, in cotton exportation.

The United States is ranked third in production, behind China and India. Almost all of the cotton fiber growth and production occurs in southern and western states, dominated by Texas, California, Arizona, Mississippi, Arkansas, and Louisiana.Upland cotton is produced in every cotton -growing state and accounts for the vast majority of cotton grown in the United States.

Upland cotton is harvested on about 12 million acres across the U.S. There are several types of Upland cotton including Acala, American Upland, and California Upland, as well as over fifty different seed varieties, most.