Retrieval of soil moisture and roughness from the polarimetric radar response

final report NAGW-2151

Publisher: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Publisher: National Technical Information Service, distributor in [Washington, DC, Springfield, Va

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 807
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  • Soil moisture,
  • Retrieval,
  • Roughness,
  • Electromagnetic scattering,
  • Numerical analysis,
  • Data acquisition

Edition Notes

Statementsubmitted by Kamal Sarabandi, Fawwaz T. Ulaby.
Series[NASA contractor report] -- NASA-CR-204073., NASA contractor report -- NASA CR-204073.
ContributionsUlaby, Fawwaz T. 1943-, United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17837882M

To the extent that the surface roughness does not change within the time-series window, the reduction of the noise enables the retrieval of the roughness. With the roughness estimate, subsequently soil moisture is retrieved. The proposed retrieval is per-formed using ‘data cubes’. The data cubes relate soil moisture and ¾0, and are lookup. Soil moisture estimated from full polarimetric RADARSAT 2 data shows a deficit in the moisture content during autumn-spring season with an improvement in harvest stage due to the irrigation measures. Soil moisture –radar vegetation index dependency: a good correlation is observed for rape while wheat is less sensitive. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data [1]. In particular, to this aim we proposed a Polarimetric Two-Scale Model (PTSM) [] able to predict the second order statistics of the scattering matrix relevant to bare soils. Based on this model, we developed a retrieval algorithm able to get both soil moisture and ground roughness. Soil moisture retrieval using high spatial resolution Polarimetric L-Band Multi-beam Radiometer (PLMR) data at the field scale Dissertation der Fakultät für Geowissenschaften der Ludwig Maximilians Universität München vorgelegt von: Marion Pause Eingereicht: München, den .

3. Sensitivity of soil moisture retrieval to RMS height and correlation length As soil roughness largely influences the backscattered signal, one can expect that a correct roughness parameterization is indispensable in order to ensure accurate soil moisture retrieval. To . IGARSS’03 July Toulouse, France Seasonal Polarimetric Measurements of Soil Moisture Using Tower-Based GPS Bistatic Radar V. Zavorotny1, D. Masters2, A. Gasiewski1, B. Bartram1, S. Katzberg3, P. Axelrad2, and R. Zamora1 1NOAA Environmental Technology Laboratory, Boulder CO, 2CCAR/University of Colorado at Boulder, CB, Boulder . Polarimetric SAR is an advanced imaging radar system; it plays an important role in radar remote sensing. With a polarimetric SAR, we can obtain much more information than conventional SAR systems (i.e., single polarized SAR systems) [].Up to now, various airborne and spaceborne polarimetric SAR systems have been developed, such as AirSAR, PI-SAR-1/2, E/F-SAR, CV Cited by: 6. POLARIMETRIC SYNTHETIC APERTURE RADAR Jakob van Zyl 9 • Transverse electromagnetic waves are characterized mathematically as 2-dimensional complex vectors. When a scatterer is illuminated by an electromagnetic wave, electrical currents are generated inside the scatterer. These currents give rise to the scattered waves that are Size: 1MB.

Chapter 3: Advanced Polarimetric Concepts: Chapter 4: Polarimetric SAR Calibration: Chapter 5: Applications: Measurement of Surface Soil Moisture: Appendix A: Tilted Small Perturbation Model Details: Appendix B: Bistatic Scattering Matrix of a Cylinder with Arbitrary Orientation: Appendix C: Nomenclature.   In this paper, 2D-video disdrometer and polarimetric radar data are used to characterize rain microphysics in Oklahoma. The 2DVD measurement errors are investigated and quantified through a side-by-side comparison with two instruments and then minimized using a sorting and averaging method (SATP).Cited by: sensitivity of soil moisture and aboveground biomass on radar backscatter of C-band at copola-rization. Mcnairn et al. 11 assessed the usefulness of polarimetric radar data for monitoring wheat growth and yield. Stiles et al. 12 studied the wheat measurements and modeled backscatter of . POLARIMETRIC SAR MODEL FOR SOIL MOISTURE ESTIMATION OVER VINEYARDS AT C-BAND By J. D. Ballester-Berman, F. Vicente-Guijalba, and J. M. Lopez-Sanchez. Full Article PDF ( KB) Abstract: In this paper we propose a two-component polarimetric model for soil moisture estimation on vineyards suited for C-band radar data.

Retrieval of soil moisture and roughness from the polarimetric radar response Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Retrieval of soil moisture and roughness from the polarimetric radar response: final report NAGW [Kamal Sarabandi; Fawwaz T Ulaby; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.].

This chapter mainly describes the vegetated soil moisture retrieval approaches based on microwave remote sensing data. It will be comprised of three topics: (1) SAR polarimetric decomposition is to model the full coherency matrix as a summation of the surface, dihedral, and volume scattering mechanisms.

After removing the volume scattering component, the soil Cited by: 1. The retrieval approach assumes that vegetation and roughness changes occur on timescales longer than those associated with soil moisture changes to.

Polarimetric radar measurements were conducted for bare soil surfaces under a variety of roughness and moisture conditions at, and GHz at. Empirical models. Empirical relationships between the radar backscattering coefficient and soil moisture have been presented by several authors (e.g.

[14,52,]).For a bare soil, there exists a functional relationship between the topsoil moisture content and the backscatter coefficient, which also includes a surface roughness term [].Under these Cited by: Our proposed C-band soil moisture retrieval algorithm.

As mentioned before, we propose a modified algorithm which stems from the limitations in using existing model-based polarimetric decompositions for soil moisture retrieval at C-band due to the large surface roughness measurements ( Cited by: 5.

Quantitative Retrieval of Soil Moisture Content and Surface Roughness From Multipolarized Radar Observations of Bare Soil Surfaces Yisok Oh, Senior Member, IEEE Abstract—A semiempirical polarimetric backscattering model for bare soil surfaces is inverted directly to retrieve both the vol-umetric soil moisture content and the rms surface heightFile Size: KB.

soil moisture information to have an impact on agricultural managementand hydrologicalpredictions[13]. The SAR backscattered signal from vegetated areas is in-fluenced by vegetation cover and soil surface characteristics such as soil moisture and surface roughness[14].Soil moisture retrieval from SAR systems having limited viewing capabil.

Using fully polarimetric SAR data for the retrieval of soil surface roughness: potentials and limitations P. Marzahn, R. Ludwig Soil moisture Retrieved roughness as a priori information can be used in Oh‘s model Large RMSE ( Vol%) especially at low incidence angles.

Spaceborne Imaging Radar (SIR-C) polarimetric data acquired over Gujarat test site, India, during April and October were processed to retrieve soil moisture and surface roughness using multi-polarization techniques. Synchronous field data were collected and compared with the results obtained using SIR-C data.

Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS) Author: K. Rao, Y. Rao, H. Al Jassar. The unique contributions of this thesis are: 1) a polarimetric classification algorithm that is a significant improvement over an existing algorithm and 2) introduction of a cube technique to retrieve soil moisture under vegetation.

The most widely used classification algorithm is the three-component scattering technique. Even though it includes three dominant scattering Cited by: soil moisture retrieval from SAR data is not an easy task, especially in presence of vegetation cover, because the radar return depends not only on the soil dielectric constant (and hence soil moisture) but also on several other parameters describing soil roughness and vegetation.

Accordingly, in recent years some methods. Abstract: This paper investigates a simplified polarimetric decomposition for soil moisture retrieval over agricultural fields. In order to overcome the coherent superposition of the backscattering contributions from vegetation and underlying soils, a simplification of an existing polarimetric decomposition is proposed in this study.

On the Soil Roughness Parameterization Problem in Soil Moisture Retrieval of Bare Surfaces from Synthetic Aperture Radar Niko E.C Verhoest 1, *, Hans Lievens 1, Wolfgang Wagner 2, Jesús Álvarez-Mozos 3, M.

Susan Moran 4, Francesco Mattia 5 1 Laboratory of Hydrology and Water Management, Ghent University, Coupure linksB An Inversion Algorithm For Retrieving Soil Moisture And Surface Roughness From Polarimetric Radar Observation Yisok Oh polarimetric backscatter response of a surface when the An inversion algorithm for retrieving soil moisture and surface roughness from polarimetric radar ob - Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS ' A cube technique is introduced to retrieve soil moisture under vegetation.

Using this approach, we have evaluated the retrieval accuracy of several polarimetric combinations. The effects of the incorrect vegetation model and data noise were investigated.

In addition, the proposed cube algorithm can be improved by applying the classification result. Experimental setup at the EMSL for the retrieval of soil moisture profiles using multifrequency polarimetric data.

Paper presented at Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. Part 3 (of 3), Firenze, Italy.Cited by: 7. Introduction.

The sensitivity of bare soil radar backscattering to soil moisture content and roughness has been demonstrated by several studies, both experimental and theoretical (e.g., []).However, the difficulty to separate the contribution of the various surface characteristics (both dielectric and geometric) influencing the radar signal, the ill-position of the forward problem (i.e Cited by: Radar based surface soil moisture retrieval has been subject of intense research during the last decades.

However, the space-borne radar sensors available so far provided single configuration observations where the influence of surface roughness generally caused the solution of the backscattering process to be ill posed. Soil moisture retrieval from satellite synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery uses the knowledge that the signal reflected from a soil is related to its dielectric properties.

For a given soil type, variations in dielectric are controlled solely by moisture content changes. and co- polarizations ratios it can be possible to determine the soil moisture regardless of surface roughness.

This research is funded by the Italian Space Agency in the framework of Cosmo-SkyMed Seconda Generazione project; it is focused on soil moisture retrieval by using polarimetric data.

I analysed some Cosmo-SkyMed first generation. The surface roughness was taken constant during the entire observations to study the microwave response of soil moisture content only. The root mean square height (σ) and correlation length of the test soil surface were cm and cm, : D.K. Gupta, R.

Prasad, P.K. Srivastava, P.K. Srivastava, T. Islam, T. Islam. The retrieval process assumes that surface roughness properties are constant during the time-series interval, so that only a single rms height estimate is produced for the entire time series.

The use of this rms height estimate as a constraint simplifies the associated soil moisture retrievals at Cited by: the soil surface roughness can change considerably due to weathering induced by rain. Research Objectives: 1.

To evaluate the impact of surface roughness changes for the soil moisture retrieval accuracy. throughout a (corn) growing season investigate the impact of the selected parameterization on soil moisture retrieval accuracy.

The OPE. The book provides a substantial and balanced introduction to the basic theory and advanced concepts of polarimetric scattering mechanisms, speckle statistics and speckle filtering, polarimetric information analysis and extraction techniques, and applications typical to radar polarimetric remote sensing.

Synthetic Aperture Radar has shown its large potential for retrieving soil moisture maps at regional scales. However, since the backscattered signal is determined by several surface characteristics, the retrieval of soil moisture is an ill-posed problem when using single configuration imagery.

Unless accurate surface roughness parameter values are available, Cited by:   Soil moisture is a key variable within the climate system, affecting as well water as heat fluxes.

Knowledge of the spatial and temporal variability of soil moisture is therefore of high merit for watershed applications such as drought and flood prediction and crop irrigation scheduling. As acquiring ground measurements of soil moisture is labor intensive, it is often. in terms of the accuracy of soil moisture retrieval and an extensive vegetation height, soil roughness and water content from a multi- [15] an in-deep analysis on the polarimetric response from vine-yards at C-band data acquired by RADARSAT-2 was performed.

Time. Radar-based surface soil moisture retrieval has been subject of intense research during the last decades. However, several difficulties hamper the operational estimation of soil moisture based on currently available spaceborne sensors.

The main difficulty experienced so far results from the strong influence of other surface characteristics, mainly roughness, on the backscattering Cited by: Estimating surface roughness or soil moisture by solving the IEM with two unknowns is a classic example of under- determination and is at the core of the problems associated with the use of radar imagery coupled with IEM-like models.

soils is affected mainly by the soil roughness and its dielectric constant ([1]). Numerous researches have shown that SAR sensors have a high potential to measure the surface soil moisture (e.g.

[2]-[7]). The benefits of radar polarimetry for the characterization soil moisture and surface roughness have been investigated inCited by: RADAR REMOTE SENSING FOR ESTIMATION OF SURFACE SOIL MOISTURE AT THE WATERSHED SCALE 5 and R is a surface roughness term (Engman and Chauhan, ).

Considering this, many algorithms using single-wavelength, single-polarization SAR for estimatingm sfollow a standard two-step approach, where the first step is to estimate and File Size: 92KB.Validating Soil Moisture Estimates from Polarimetric Radar Using GIS Models: further results from the AIRSAR mission to Australia.

David Bruce1, Phil Davies2 and Rob Fitzpatrick2. 1 Spatial Measurement and Information Group, University of South Australia @